Sentiment soars as consumers expect easing of inflation
Consumer sentiment soared 14% in December, reversing four consecutive months of declines and reaching its highest reading since July, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.
These trends are rooted in sharp improvements in how consumers view the trajectory of inflation, said U-M economist Joanne Hsu, director of the Surveys of Consumers.
Sentiment rose across the population, with increases among consumers of all ages, incomes, education levels, political affiliations and regions of the country, she said. Sentiment is now just shy of the midpoint between the pre-pandemic reading and the historic low reached in June 2022.
“Consumers are increasingly confident that inflation slowdown will continue, which has led them to upgrade their outlook over the economy. The data showed a remarkable level of consensus across the country over the improvements this month,” Hsu said. “At the same time, many consumers provided caveats on their views, as they believe that the election next year may have important implications for the trajectory of the economy.
“While consumers see the economy more favorably than they did the last few months, the strength of their views remain tentative.”
Consumer views throughout the economy improve
All five index components rose this month, a relatively rare occurrence seen in less than one-tenth of readings since 1978. The short-run economic outlook rose a remarkable 28%, and the long-run outlook surged 33%. Consumer views of the future path of inflation and the stock market all showed marked gains this month.
Buying conditions for vehicles and durable goods both improved as well, due to a mild decline in price concerns. Consumers concurrently mentioned hearing more favorable news about the economy. The index of economic news heard reached its most favorable reading since 2021, supported by enormous gains in favorable news heard by higher-income consumers, college-educated consumers and Republicans.
Personal finances strengthen but concerns about high prices remain
Assessments of personal finances improved by about 5% this month, as concerns that high prices are eroding living standards waned modestly for the second consecutive month. Strength in incomes continued to support consumer spending; about 55% of consumers expect their incomes to rise at least as fast as inflation in the year
ahead, up from 49% last month.
Despite the improvements this month, the reading is still well below the share seen in the months just prior to the onset of the pandemic, as high prices overall continue to weigh down the views of many consumers. About 18% of consumers spontaneously mentioned high prices of gasoline and 21% mentioned food prices—little changed over the past several months.
Consumer Sentiment Index
The Consumer Sentiment Index rose to 69.7 in the December 2023 survey, up from 61.3 in November and above last December’s 59.8. The Current Index rose to 73.3, up from 68.3 in November and above last December’s 59.6. The Expectations Index rose to 67.4, up from 56.8 in November and above last December’s 60.0.
About the surveys
The Surveys of Consumers is a rotating panel survey at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research. It is based on a nationally representative sample that gives each household in the coterminous U.S. an equal probability of being selected. Interviews are conducted throughout the month by phone. The minimum monthly change required for significance at the 95% level in the Sentiment Index is 4.8 points; for the Current and Expectations Index, the minimum is 6 points.