Healthy schools: Project reduces childhood obesity
In the past 30 years,
childhood obesity rates have doubled
Project Healthy Schools is working
at over 150 Michigan schools to curb
poor lifestyle habits developed in childhood
EMMA, ALAYNA, & KATELIN
PROJECT HEALTHY SCHOOLS PARTICIPANTS
We are doing stuff for Project Healthy Schools.
MELISSA K. BOGUSLAWSKI, PHD, MPH
PROGRAM MANAGER, PROJECT HEALTHY SCHOOLS
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Project Healthy Schools, our focus is to improve the health behaviors and health education of
middle school students with the outcome of reducing rates of childhood obesity in the state of
Michigan, enabling students to have healthier behaviors and healthier futures.
Project Healthy Schools has five main goals:
-eat more fruits and vegetables
-choose less sugary foods and beverages
-eat less fast and fatty foods
-be active every day
-spend less time in front of a screen
RYLAN, ERIC, & ROMAN
PROJECT HEALTHY SCHOOLS PARTICIPANTS
Project Healthy Schools is about getting kids to have good exercise and getting them off the TV
and getting them outside and keeping them outside and having fun.
Students in the program have had
significant reductions in
-resting heart rate
have found that these
positive results continue for years
after middle school
PROJECT HEALTHY SCHOOLS TEACHER
BLESCH INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL
U-M has given our school resources to teach in the classroom and to use outside. Project
Healthy Schools is good for their mental health, it’s good for their physical well-being, they
socialize with their friends. It’s wonderful. It’s a great program.
The program has reached over 112,500
kids in Michigan and continues to expand
Eric Eddleman and his friends at Blesch Intermediate School in Menominee run the obstacle course of tunnels, bouncers, hurdles and wooden balance beams on the grassy football field. They walk and jog, play lightning ball, jump rope and twirl hula hoops.
Afterward, a snack awaits the students in grades three through six. But it isn’t the typical after-sport snacks often shared on the sidelines of kids’ sporting events—sugary juice pouches, chocolate granola bars or salty and greasy chips. The snack at Blesch is an apple and a bottle of water.
“I feel energized and happy, and like I want to run around the field more,” Eddleman says.
His pal, Roman Wondergem, says: “I feel like I actually did something.” This makes Eddleman double over in laughter.
The fall wellness event at Blesch was part of Project Healthy Schools, a community-University of Michigan collaboration designed to reduce childhood obesity and improve the current and future health of Michigan’s youth. It gets them outside to exercise and socialize in a way that reinforces healthy choices.
The program, which began in 2004, is one of only a few school-based programs that have demonstrated immediate and lasting improvements in participants’ health behavior and cardiovascular risk factors. More than 150 middle schools within 47 Michigan counties have implemented Project Healthy Schools; the retention rate is 75%.
The program encourages healthy habits through skill-based health education and environmental change in Michigan middle schools, and has shown that school-based interventions for reducing childhood obesity are effective.
Project Health Schools has five main goals:
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Choose less sugary foods and beverages
- Eat less fast foods and fatty foods
- Be active every day
- Spend less entertainment time in front of a screen
These goals are promoted through 10 standardized, interactive lessons. The program also works with school policymakers to promote healthier school nutrition environments, provide more opportunities to be physically active throughout the school day, set up after-school activity programs, host field days, and coordinate many other environmental changes.
Lasting health improvement
To date, researchers have collected behavioral survey data from more than 21,000 students and physiological data from more than 3,000 elementary school students. The results of participating in Project Healthy Schools have demonstrated immediate and lasting improvements in participants’ health. These improvements include decreased total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure, as well as increased physical activity and decreased sedentary behaviors.
The program is growing thanks to a partnership between U-M and Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan called Building Healthy Communities. This partnership provides the opportunity for middle schools to participate in the program while building an environment for long-term sustainability.
Scott Martin, the principal at Blesch Intermediate School, said the school runs the program outside on a daily basis, despite the weather.
“It really gives the students an opportunity to explore a different side of exercise and activity,” Martin said. “I think with just the whole wellness group that we have here at the school, it’s really helped build a community within our building. Kids encourage each other to participate in activities. We don’t have a lot of those students sitting out to the side because they’re not interested.”
Grants from U-M helped the school purchase equipment and tools to support students and promote their health, Martin said.
“These are opportunities they wouldn’t necessarily always get outside of school,” he said, “so this is a really cool opportunity for those students. Thanks again to U-M for all of the support with this program … and hopefully it can continue moving forward because this is what our kids deserve.”
Students Katelin Franke-Clark agreed. She and friends Alayna Walker and Emma Wiggs shared their thoughts on the program and what they’ve learned so far.
“One thing we love is probably coming outside and doing stuff,” Franke-Clark said. “The University of Michigan created Project Healthy Schools, and Project Healthy Schools donates to all kinds of schools and gives them balls and waters and all kinds of stuff to do energetic stuff with, to keep you energized and keep going.”
Wendy Rauch, the school’s Project Healthy Schools wellness champion and the health and outdoor recreation teacher, said she loves teaching outside all day. She plans special events so students for each grade level can leave the building to exercise for 45 minutes.
“They can’t do these activities during recess. So it’s a lot of fun for them. They get to try different activities that they wouldn’t normally do,” she said. “It’s good for their mental health. It’s good for their physical well-being. They socialize with their friends. It’s a great program.”
Wellness champions are key
Melissa Boguslawski, the Project Healthy Schools program manager, said the program—started by U-M faculty member Kim Eagle, director of the Frankel Cardiovascular Center and professor of health management and policy at the School of Public Health—identifies wellness champions at each school.
The wellness champions are school staff designated to move the initiative forward. U-M provides them with support through a five-step program geared toward improving school wellness, Boguslawski said.
The champions are trained at the school and paid a stipend for a year as they integrate the program into the culture of the school. Lessons, such as having students measure out the number of spoonfuls of sugar in soda and seeing and touching food ingredients when making a salad, are adapted across schools, depending on which lessons work best.
The program has reached 112,500 students in the 18 years since it began, and Boguslawksi said it would be ideal if every school in Michigan were able to implement it.
That makes sense to kids like Rylan Bricker.
“Kids will be happier if they had Project Healthy Schools,” Bricker said. “So whatever schools out there that don’t have Project Healthy Schools, you guys should really do it because we’ve had lots of fun out here, and it really makes us excited that we’re doing this.”